Sergeant Piper Findlater and the Coloniality of Pathos

Activity: Disseminating Research Presentation


Presentation about British military piping on stage


In the second half of the eighteenth century, so the story goes, the Great Highland bagpipe was among a clutch of cultural artefacts so strongly associated with Jacobite rebellion that it was proscribed by statute (or at least treated with suspicion by the King’s agents north of the border). By the end of the nineteenth century, however, the same instrument had been refashioned as an emblem and tool of Her Majesty’s military, particularly in the case of regiments that recruited in the North East and Highlands. This shift in the semiotics and politics of piping is illustrated by the career of George Findlater of the Gordon Highlanders, who was famously awarded the Victoria Cross for playing on while wounded at the Battle of Dargai Heights in 1897 (part of a larger campaign for command of the Khyber Pass trade route). The tune Findlater reportedly played at Dargai, “The Haughs o’ Cromdale,” had been included in the first volume of James Hogg’s Jacobite Relics of Scotland (1819) and its text tells of Highland soldiers fighting government forces. Clearly the music’s associations were no impediment to its use in the service of imperial violence (in this case inflicted on members of the Afridi tribe who were attempting to regain control of their hereditary lands in the Tirah region). Findlater’s subsequent London stage career—in which he re-enacted the performance that earned his celebrity at venues such as the Alhambra—underlines the extent to which the Great Highland bagpipe could be accommodated into popular Victorian narratives of British military gallantry. While it is hardly a revelation that pipers were active in the army at the height of empire, the significance of this activity for the repertory and reputation of the instrument bears closer scrutiny. The practice of composing tunes to commemorate battles may have predated the conscription of the Great Highland bagpipe into the British army, but it certainly continued thereafter and, unsurprisingly, there is a tune still in circulation named “Heights of Dargai.” At the same time, globetrotting musicians such as Findlater inevitably influenced a range of localised military piping practices, many of which persist to this day. Finally, the case of Findlater hints at how the pathos of solo piping, so often deployed as a marker of Scottish identity, was equally suited to performance in the theatre of imperial war.
Period7 Apr 2022
Event titleThe London Stage and the Nineteenth-Century World IV
Event typeConference
LocationOxford, United KingdomShow on map
Degree of RecognitionInternational