The Military Covenant


Description of impact

The research of Professor Iain Torrance, Kt, KCVO, into the ethics of moral community formation has impacted upon military policy and funding in the UK and beyond. His work on the army as a moral community and on the covenant between the army and civilians has led to a re-description of military communities in terms of ‘the military covenant’. During the assessment period, this research insight has significantly impacted Ministry of Defence policy and practice as well as the Armed forces, and derivatively thereby military personnel.

Outcomes to Date / Future Developments

Since the publication of Torrance’s research in 2000, there has been continued significant impact arising from Torrance’s conceptualisation of the military covenant.
Impact statusImpact Completed (Open)
Impact date20002019


  • Societal