A Self-adaptive Fireworks Algorithm for Classification Problems

Yu Xue, Binping Zhao, Tinghuai Ma, Wei Pang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)
12 Downloads (Pure)


Fireworks algorithm (FWA) is a novel swarm intelligence algorithm recently proposed for solving complex optimization problems. Because of its powerful global optimization ability to solve classification problems, we first present an optimization classification model in this paper. In this model, a linear equation set is constructed according to classification problems. This optimization classification model can be solved by most evolutionary computation techniques. In this research, a self-adaptive fireworks algorithm (SaFWA) is developed so that the optimization classification model can be solved efficiently. In SaFWA, four candidate solution generation strategies (CSGSs) are employed to increase the diversity of solutions. In addition, a self-adaptive search mechanism has also been introduced to use the four CSGSs simultaneously. To extensively assess the performance of SaFWA on solving classification problems, eight datasets have been used in the experiments. The experimental results show that it is feasible to solve classification problems through the optimization classification model and SaFWA. Furthermore, SaFWA performs better than FWA, FWA variants with only one CSGS, particle swarm optimization (PSO), and differential evolution (DE) on most of the training sets and test sets.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44406-44416
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Access
Early online date25 Jul 2018
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

his work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grants 61403206 and 61771258, in part by the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province under Grants BK20141005 and BK20160910, in part by the Natural Science Foundation of the Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions of China under Grant 14KJB520025, in part by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, in part by the Open Research Fund of Jiangsu Engineering Research Center of Communication and Network Technology, NJUPT, under Grant JSGCZX17001, and in part by the Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Complex System Control and Intelligent Information Processing, Xi’an University of Technology, under Contract SKL2017CP01.


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