Medline in September 2021, according to the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) criteria. This systematic review is part of PIONEER (an IMI2 39 European network of excellence for big data in PCa). Results: The most frequently used PROMs in RCTs of patients with mPCa were Functional Assessment for Cancer Therapy-Prostate (FACT-P) (n=18), Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form (BPI-SF) (n=8) and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer quality of life core (EORTC QLQ-C30) (n=6). A total of 283 abstracts were screened and 12 full-text studies were evaluated. A total of 2, 1, and 2 studies reported the psychometric proprieties of FACT-P, Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) and BPI-SF. FACT-P and BPI showed a high Content Validity, while BPI-SF showed a moderate Content Validity. FACT-P and BPI showed a high Internal Consistency (summarized Cronbach’s α 0.70-0.95). Conclusions: The use of BPI and FACT-P in mPCa patients is supported by their high content validity and internal consistency. Since BPI is focused on pain assessment, we recommend FACT-P, which provides a broader assessment of QoL and wellbeing, for the clinical evaluation of mPCa patients. However, these considerations have been elaborated on a very limited number of studies. Patient summary: In this paper, we review the psychometric properties of PROMs used with patients with mPCa to find the questionnaires that best assess patients’ QoL, in order to help professionals in their intervention and improve patients’ QoL. We recommend the use of BPI and FACT-P for their high content validity and internal consistency, despite the limited number of studies considered.
Bibliographical noteThis research was funded by PIONEER, grant number 777492 and the APC was funded by PIONEER. This joint undertaking receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme and EFPIA. Paula R. Williamson is a National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Senior Investigator (award number NF-SI_0513-10025 supporting this work). The views expressed in this article are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the NIHR or the Department of Health and Social Care.
Data Availability StatementThe following supporting information can be downloaded at: https://www.mdpi.com/article/10.3390/cancers14205120/s1, Table S1: PROMs used in RCTs evaluating mPCa patients. Table S2: Summary Card of the FACT-P. Table S3: Summary Card of the BPI. Table S4: Summary Card of the BPI-SF. Table S5: Characteristics of included studies.
- quality of life
- Erectile dysfunction
- core outcome set