Arctic hydrology during global warming at the Palaeocene/Eocene thermal maximum

Mark Pagani*, Nikolai Pedentchouk, Matthew Huber, Appy Sluijs, Stefan Schouten, Henk Brinkhuis, Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté, Gerald R. Dickens, Expedition 302 Scientists

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

376 Citations (Scopus)


The Palaeocene/Eocene thermal maximum represents a period of rapid, extreme global warming ∼55 million years ago, superimposed on an already warm world. This warming is associated with a severe shoaling of the ocean calcite compensation depth and a >2.5 per mil negative carbon isotope excursion in marine and soil carbonates. Together these observations indicate a massive release of 13C-depleted carbon and greenhouse-gas-induced warming. Recently, sediments were recovered from the central Arctic Ocean, providing the first opportunity to evaluate the environmental response at the North Pole at this time. Here we present stable hydrogen and carbon isotope measurements of terrestrial-plant- and aquatic-derived n-alkanes that record changes in hydrology, including surface water salinity and precipitation, and the global carbon cycle. Hydrogen isotope records are interpreted as documenting decreased rainout during moisture transport from lower latitudes and increased moisture delivery to the Arctic at the onset of the Palaeocene/Eocene thermal maximum, consistent with predictions of poleward storm track migrations during global warming. The terrestrial-plant carbon isotope excursion (about -4.5 to -6 per mil) is substantially larger than those of marine carbonates. Previously, this offset was explained by the physiological response of plants to increases in surface humidity. But this mechanism is not an effective explanation in this wet Arctic setting, leading us to hypothesize that the true magnitude of the excursion - and associated carbon input - was greater than originally surmised. Greater carbon release and strong hydrological cycle feedbacks may help explain the maintenance of this unprecedented warmth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)671-675
Number of pages5
Issue number7103
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2006

Bibliographical note

Expedition 302 Scientists: Jan Backman, Steve Clemens, Thomas Cronin, Frédérique Eynaud, Jérôme Gattacceca, Martin Jakobsson, Ric Jordan, Michael Kaminski, John King, Nalân Koc, Nahysa C. Martinez, David McInroy, Theodore C. Moore Jr, Matthew O'Regan, Jonaotaro Onodera, Heiko Pälike, Brice Rea, Domenico Rio, Tatsuhiko Sakamoto, David C. Smith, Kristen E. K. St John, Itsuki Suto, Noritoshi Suzuki, Kozo Takahashi, Mahito Watanabe & Masanobu Yamamoto


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