Average modelling of medium frequency DC/DC converters in dynamic studies

Weixing Lin*, Dragan Jovcic

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)
24 Downloads (Pure)


This paper studies the average value modelling (AVM) of medium frequency (200 Hz-2000 Hz) dc-dc converters, which are becoming increasingly important in high-power dc grids and distributing microgrids. The most convenient modelling is based on transfer function and power components which are available in common simulation platforms, such as PSCAD/EMTDC. However, these models are found to require very small simulation steps and the achieved time-domain accuracy is not satisfactory for medium frequency converters. The core issue of accuracy loss is identified and corresponding improvement is proposed. User written state-space models in the abc frame and the dq frame are analyzed in depth. Different solvers, including the Dommel's method, the Heun's method, and the Runge-Kutta method were adopted and compared in solving the state-space models. A high-power 2-kHz LCL dc-dc converter is taken as the test system. It is found that the AVM in the dq rotating frame based on the Runge-Kutta solver is able to generate very accurate time-domain responses compared to the detailed switching model with almost 100 times improvement in simulation speed. It is demonstrated that a dc-dc converter with 2-kHz inner ac circuit frequency can be accurately simulated at a 50- μs time step.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-289
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
Issue number1
Early online date20 May 2014
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015

Bibliographical note

This work was supported by the European Research Council under the Ideas program in FP7 under Grant 259328, 2010. Paper no. TPWRD-00067-2014


  • DC–DC power conversion
  • HVDC transmission
  • numerical stabilty
  • power system simulation
  • power system transients


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