Biogas appliances in Sub-Sahara Africa

Vianney Tumwesige*, David Fulford, Grant C. Davidson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)


Biogas production technology has led to the growth of a number of biogas appliances for lighting, cooking, heating, incubating and electricity generation. The most commonly used appliance for cooking purposes in both households and institutions is the biogas stove. However, some households are using biogas lamps for lighting their homes. The overall objective of this paper is to review biogas appliances being used in the different National Biogas Support Programmes in Sub-Saharan Africa.Several locally available biogas stoves were tested, but were found to have lower efficiencies than were acceptable. The stoves were not made according to basic gas stove theory.Key questions are: What biogas appliances are being used? What are the major areas where appliances can be developed to improve their efficiencies? What are the possible methods/mechanisms to do so?

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-50
Number of pages11
JournalBiomass & Bioenergy
Early online date15 Mar 2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2014

Bibliographical note

The authors are grateful to DFID for the financial support granted through The New and Emerging Technologies Research Competition (NET-RC). We also want to thank numerous authors, staff at CREEC and Uganda Domestic program who work tirelessly to provide the know-how, books, articles on biogas technology whose works were made reference to.


  • Anaerobic digestion
  • Biogas appliances
  • Biogas for cooking and lighting
  • Biogas in Sub-Saharan Africa


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