Body composition and basal metabolic rate in pre-school children: no sex difference

Kurosh Djafarian, John Roger Speakman, Joanne Stewart, Diane Margaret Jackson

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Background: Previous studies have suggested that sex may be a factor influencing basal metabolic rate (BMR) in adults and school age children. However, few data are available about the effects of sex on BMR in pre-school children. In the present study, we investigated whether sex differences contribute to variations in BMR in pre-school age children.

Methods: Measurements were made on thirty children aged 2-6 years (14 male and 16 female). Measurements were taken of height, age, weight, and total body composition, which was determined using both dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and deuterium dilution. The DXA was also used to determine body composition in different regions of the body. BMR was measured by indirect calorimetry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-92
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics
Issue number2
Early online date11 Apr 2015
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.


  • Gender
  • Children
  • Metabolism
  • Body composition


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