Ceramics, Glasses, and Glass-Ceramics: Basic Principles

Iain R Gibson, Julian Jones

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

5 Citations (Scopus)


Bioceramics are inorganic biomaterials that include crystalline ceramics, amorphous glasses, and glass-ceramics. Applications commonly include repair, replacement, or regeneration of bone or teeth, but are becoming broader. This chapter will consider nearly-inert bioceramics and those that are bioactive (and biodegradable), such as Bioglass and hydroxyapatite. Nearly-inert bioceramics tend to be used where a robust hard surface is needed, e.g., a joint replacement with articulating bearing surface or dental restoration. Bioactivity is regarded as the provocation of a beneficial biological response from the body’s host environment to the implanted devices. In the case of bioactive ceramics, glasses, and glass-ceramics, this has traditionally been regarded as the ability to form a direct bond with bone tissue without fibrous encapsulation. However, it is now recognized that ions released by bioceramics can stimulate and guide cells. This has extended “bioactivity” beyond bone applications, e.g., to wound healing.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiomaterials Science
Subtitle of host publicationAn Introduction to Materials in Medicine
EditorsWilliam Wagner, Shelly Sakiyama-Elbert, Guigen Zhang, Michael Yaszemski
PublisherAcademic Press
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9780128161388
ISBN (Print)9780128161371
Publication statusPublished - 23 May 2020


  • Amorphous glasses
  • Bioactivity
  • Wound healing
  • Bioceramics
  • Inorganic biomaterials
  • Hydroxyapatites


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