Control System Design for VSC Transmission

Dragan Jovcic, Lisa A. Lamont, Keith Abbott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


This paper investigates a suitable control system for a DC transmission system based on voltage source conveners (VSC). Each of the two VSC conveners has two control inputs and the four control channels on a VSC transmission system offer potential for a versatile control. However, the main challenge is the dynamic interaction among the control loops. It is proposed in this study that the overall system stability and good robustness should be achieved with two high-gain feedback loops, one at each converter. Eigenvalue and robustness analysis with MATLAB software shows that the best fast feedback signals are inverter DC voltage and rectifier AC voltage q component. The slow controller consists of three PI controllers that regulate: rectifier AC voltage, inverter AC voltage and the DC power. The VSC transmission control under fault conditions is achieved with a separate controller that takes over system control for fault-level currents. The fault controller regulates the local DC currents at each converter. The proposed controller is tested using PSCAD/EMTDC for a wide range of small-signal step inputs and the design performance is confirmed. The design is also tested for typical fault scenarios on AC and DC side to verify the fault controller operation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)721-729
Number of pages9
JournalElectric Power Systems Research
Issue number7
Early online date4 Aug 2006
Publication statusPublished - May 2007


  • VSC transmission
  • state-space methods
  • thyristor converters
  • root loci
  • eigenvalues


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