Corium Interface Flow Dynamics Investigation During Severe Accident in Pressurised Water Reactors Using Compressive Advection Interface Capturing Method

Stephen Aroh Ajah* (Corresponding Author), Lateef Akanji, Jefferson Gomes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Past nuclear accident occurrences raised strong concerns which led to research on nuclear safety. One of the major causes of nuclear accidents is the impeded circulation of core coolant, leading to decay heat removal cessation, and rapid temperature rise. If uncontrolled, this results in critical heat flux (CHF), loss of coolant accidents (LOCA) and core dryout. Detailed melted core relocation (i.e., nuclear fuel, graphite, and zircaloy) need to be investigated through interface capture and multimaterial flow model coupling, which have not been done in previous studies. This work aims to investigate the impacts of temperature and core material composition on the flow dynamics during core relocation. In this study, mass fraction is discretised using a streamlined upwind Petrov-Galerkin (SUPG) method spatially and a modified Crank-Nicolson method temporally to accurately capture fluid interfaces using a high-order accurate fluxlimiter. Two core material composition cases (individual material properties case and bulk material properties case) were considered to assess the impact of temperature and core materials composition on both flow dynamics and computational time. Temperature has a significant impact on core material transport and corium flow dynamics during core relocation. Bulk materials properties case has greater impact of temperature on its corium resulting in faster materials transport, but with higher computation time.
Original languageEnglish
Article number063313
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2024

Bibliographical note

Acknowledgments
The first author wishes to thank the Petroleum Trust Development Fund (PTDF), Nigeria for providing the funding for this research with grant number PTDF/ED/OSS/PHD/SAA/1801/20-20PHD109

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