Cynicism, anger and cardiovascular reactivity during anger recall and human-computer interaction

Yong Peng Why, Derek W. Johnston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Cynicism moderated by interpersonal anger has been found to be related to cardiovascular reactivity. This paper reports two studies; Study I used an Anger Recall task, which aroused interpersonal anger, while participants in Study 2 engaged in a multitasking computer task, which aroused non-interpersonal anger via systematic manipulation of the functioning of the computer mouse. The Cynicism by State Anger interaction was significant for blood pressure arousal in Study 2 but not for Study 1: in Study 2, when State Anger was high, cynicism was positively related to blood pressure arousal but when State Anger was low, cynicism was negatively related to blood pressure arousal. For both studies, when State Anger was low, cynicism was positively related to cardiac output arousal and negatively related to vascular arousal. The results suggest that Cynicism-State Anger interaction can be generalised to non-social anger-arousing situations for hemodynamic processes but blood pressure reactivity is task-dependent. The implication for the role of job control and cardiovascular health during human-computer interactions is discussed. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-227
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
Issue number3
Early online date13 Jun 2008
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008


  • hostility
  • cynicism
  • cardiovascular reactivity
  • anger
  • computer task
  • Cook-Medley hostility
  • ambulatory blood-pressure
  • trait hostility
  • cardiac-output
  • construct-validity
  • finger arterial
  • mental stress
  • young men
  • HO scale
  • responses
  • adolescent
  • adult
  • analysis of variance
  • blood Pressure
  • computers
  • defense mechanisms
  • female
  • heart rate
  • humans
  • interpersonal relations
  • male
  • mental recall
  • psychological tests
  • psychomotor performance
  • stress
  • psychological


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