Dedolomitization and reservoir quality: insights from reactive transport modelling

L.-C. Escorcia, E. Gomez-Rivas, L. Daniele, M. Corbella*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Dedolomitization or calcitization, the replacement of dolomite by calcite, modifies the porosity and permeability of carbonate rocks. This study evaluates the effects of dedolomitization on the porosity of carbonates by means of geochemical and reactive transport simulations. The obtained results indicate that dedolomitization is a slow process that may be triggered by cold meteoric water but also by warm groundwater at temperatures of 50 degrees C. Dedolomitization is more efficient with fluid fluxes on the order of tens of metres per year. Most of the simulations performed in this study resulted in a loss of porosity due to calcitization. The rate of the dedolomitization reaction increases significantly when calcium-bearing minerals with faster dissolution kinetics and smaller molar volume than calcite, such as anhydrite, are present in the system. In such situations, the porosity of the rock increases significantly (approximately 10%) during a time span of hundreds of thousands of years. Therefore, depending on its original composition, fluid flow conditions and fluid composition, the porosity of a tight dolostone can be enhanced and reach porosity values of reservoir rocks after being calcitized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-231
Number of pages11
Issue number2
Early online date28 Feb 2013
Publication statusPublished - May 2013


  • calcitization
  • dedolomitization
  • porosity
  • reactive transport
  • reservoir
  • burial dolomitization
  • Dolomite
  • groundwater
  • hydrogeochemistry
  • dissolution
  • carbonates
  • evolution
  • deposits
  • genesis
  • origin


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