DJ-1 protein is involved in multiple physiological processes, including Parkinson's disease. However, the role of DJ-1 in the metabolism is largely unknown. Here we found that DJ-1 maintained energy balance and glucose homeostasisvia regulating brown adipose tissue (BAT) activity. DJ-1-deficient mice reduced body mass, increased energy expenditure and improved insulin sensitivity. DJ-1 deletion also resisted high-fat-diet (HFD) induced obesity and insulin resistance. Accordingly, DJ-1 transgene triggered autonomous obesity and glucose intolerance. Further BAT transplantation experiments clarified DJ-1 regulates energy and glucose homeostasis by modulating BAT function. Mechanistically, we found that DJ-1 promoted PTEN proteasomal degradation via an E3 ligase, mind bomb-2 (Mib2), which led to Akt activation and inhibited FoxO1-dependent Ucp1 (Uncoupling protein-1) expression in BAT. Consistently, ablation of Akt1 mitigated the obesity and BAT dysfunction induced by DJ-1 transgene. These findings define a new biological role of DJ-1 protein in regulating BAT function, with an implication of the therapeutic target in the treatment of metabolic disorders.
Bibliographical noteWe thank the members of the Yuan laboratory for critical reading of the manuscript and helpful discussion. We thank the Pathology Core Facility in the Institute of Biophysics, CAS. We also thank Dr Joyce Flemmings for the English editing. This work was supported by the grants from the strategic priority research program (XDB13030000 to WJ), the National Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 81125010 and 81030025 to ZY), the National Basic Research Program of China (973–2012CB910701 and 2013DFA31990 to ZY) and Cross-disciplinary Collaborative Teams Program for Science, Technology and Innovation (2014–2016) from Chinese Academy of Sciences; and Key research program (KJZD-EW-L01-3 to WJ), One Hundred Talents Program (WJ) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and from the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2012CBA01301 and 2012CB944701 to WJ), as well as by a grant from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31171131 and 81370951 to WJ).
- mechanisms of disease