Effects of copper and the sea lice treatment Slice® on nutrient release from marine sediments

D J Mayor, M Solan, H McMillan, K Killham, G I Paton

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6 Citations (Scopus)


Copper-based antifoulant paints and the sea lice treatment Slice (R) are widely used, and often detectable in the sediments beneath farms where they are administered. Ten-day, whole sediment mesocosm experiments were conducted to examine how increasing sediment concentrations of copper or Slice (R) influenced final water column concentrations of ammonium-nitrogen (NH4-N), nitrate + nitrite-nitrogen (NOx-N) and phosphate-phosphorus (PO4-P) in the presence of the non-target, benthic organisms Corophium volutator and Hediste diversicolor. Nominal sediment concentrations of copper and Slice (R) had significant effects on the resulting concentrations of almost all nutrients examined. The overall trends in nutrient concentrations at the end of the 10-day incubations were highly similar between the trials with either copper or Slice (R), irrespective of the invertebrate species present. This suggests that nutrient exchange from the experimental sediments was primarily influenced by the direct effect of copper/Slice (R) dose on the sediment microbial community, rather than the indirect effect of reduced bioturbation/irrigation due to increased macrofaunal mortality. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)552-558
Number of pages7
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Issue number4
Early online date20 Dec 2008
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009


  • Corophium volutator
  • Hediste diversicolor
  • whole sediment bioassay
  • ecotoxicology
  • fish farming
  • biogeochemistry
  • amphipod corophium volutator
  • microbial community
  • nereis-diversicolor
  • agricultural soils
  • emamectin benzoate
  • toxicity
  • nitrogen
  • zinc
  • microorganisms
  • contamination


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