Effects of flooding on the Mediterranean seagrass Cymodocea nodosa in relation to environmental degradation

Masturah Nadzari, Vasillis Papathanasiou , Soultana Tsioli, Frithjof Kuepper, Sotiris Orfanidis* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Cymodocea nodosa is a common seagrass species of shallow and sheltered Mediterranean waters, where extreme flushing of plumes can occur during excessive rainfall. Cymodocea nodosa shoots were sampled from two habitats of Kavala Gulf, one nearly pristine (less stressed, Vrasidas) and another highly stressed (Nea Karvali), to study if flooding might negatively affect seagrass habitats. Photosynthetic performance of shoots from the pristine habitat acclimated better than shoots from highly stressed conditions simulating a flooding event. Indeed, a significant (p<0.01) interaction between habitat and flooding on photochemical energy harvesting (ΔF/Fm′) values was found, with lower ΔF/Fm′ values in the pristine habitat under control conditions. Furthermore, based on relative electron transport rate (rETR) curves reconstructed from fluorescence-versus-irradiance data, shoots from the pristine habitat performed better after 18 days of treatment to flooding. On the other hand, shoots from highly stressed habitats grew faster than pristine ones, but their growth decreased similarly under flooding conditions. The implications for management and conservation priorities for this phenotypically plastic seagrass in the Mediterranean are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-313
Number of pages13
JournalBotanica Marina
Issue number4
Early online date18 Jul 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

This work has been conducted at the Fisheries Research Institute (ELGO DIMITRA) as an MSc dissertation of Masturah Nadzari at the University of Aberdeen with supervisors Prof. F.C. Küpper and Dr. S. Orfanidis. ΜΝ is grateful to Ms Konstantinia Nakou and Ms Olympia Nisiforou for technical assistance during her stay in FRI. FCK received funding from the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC, program Oceans 2025 – WP 4.5 and grants NE/D521522/1 and NE/J023094/1). Both FCK and SO are grateful to the TOTAL Foundation (Paris) for funding within the framework of the project "Brown algal biodiversity and ecology in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea".


  • Seagrass
  • chlorophyll a fluorescence
  • growth rate
  • factorial experiment
  • North Aegean Sea


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