Futures of elderly care in Iran: A protocol with scenario approach

Salime Goharinezhad, Mohammadreza Maleki*, Hamid Reza Baradaran, Hamid Ravaghi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
9 Downloads (Pure)


Background: The number of people aged 60 and older is increasing faster than other age groups worldwide. Iran will experience a sharp aging population increase in the next decades, and this will pose new challenges to the healthcare system. Since providing high quality aged-care services would be the major concern of the policymakers, this question arises that what types of aged care services should be organized in the coming 10 years? This protocol has been designed to develop a set of scenarios for the future of elderly care in Iran. Methods: In this study, intuitive logics approach and Global Business Network (GBN) model were used to develop scenarios for elderly care in Iran. In terms of perspective, the scenarios in this approach are normative, qualitative with respect to methodology and deductive in constructing the process of scenarios. The three phases of GBN model are as follows: 1) Orientation: Identifying strategic levels, stakeholders, participants and time horizon; 2) Exploration: Identifying the driving forces and key uncertainties; 3) Synthesis: Defining the scenario logics and constructing scenario storyline. Results: Presently, two phases are completed and the results will be published in mid-2016. Conclusion: This study delivers a comprehensive framework for taking appropriate actions in providing care for the elderly in the future. Moreover, policy makers should specify and provide the full range of services for the elderly, and in doing so, the scenarios and key findings of this study could be of valuable help.

Original languageEnglish
Article number416
JournalMedical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 18 Sept 2016

Bibliographical note

This study is the first author’s PhD Thesis, which has been supported by Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS_SHMIS: 65/2014). The authors would like
to make special thanks to all participants for their kind contributions to this project
and are also grateful to Dr. Mohammad Azmal and Dr. Hesam Seyedin for their
insightful comments on the earlier manuscript.


  • Elderly-care
  • Future
  • Iran
  • Scenario


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