Gross karyotypic and phenotypic alterations among different progenies of the candida glabrata cbs138/atcc2001 reference strain

Oliver Bader, Alexander Schwarz, Eefje A Kraneveld, Marut Tangwattanchuleeporn, Pia Schmidt, Mette D Jacobsen, Uwe Gross, Piet W J De Groot, Michael Weig*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)


Genomic plasticity is a mechanism for adaptation to environmental cues such as host responses and antifungal drug pressure in many fungi including the human pathogenic yeast Candida glabrata. In this study we evaluated the phenotypic and genotypic stability of the world-wide used C. glabrata reference strain CBS138/ ATCC2001 under laboratory conditions. A set of ten lineages of this wild type strain and genetically modified progenies were obtained from different scientific laboratories, and analyzed for genotypic and phenotypic alterations. Even though the derivates were indistinguishable by multi locus sequence typing, different phenotypic groups that correlated with specific karyotypic changes were observed. In addition, modifications in the adherence capacity to plastic surface emerged that were shown to correlate with quantitative changes in adhesin gene expression rather than subtelomeric gene loss or differences in the number of macrosatellite repeats within adhesin genes. These results confirm the genomic plasticity of C. glabrata and show that chromosomal aberrations and functional adaptations may occur not only during infection and under antimicrobial therapy, but also under laboratory conditions without extreme selective pressures. These alterations can significantly affect phenotypic properties such as cell surface attributes including adhesion and the cell wall carbohydrate composition and therefore, if unnoticed, may adulterate the outcome of genetic studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere52218
Number of pages8
JournalPloS ONE
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2012


  • wall proteins
  • electrophoretic karyotypes
  • chromosome instability
  • gel-electrophoresis
  • biofilm formation
  • gene-expression
  • cell-wall
  • albicans
  • yeast
  • evolution


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