The relationship between hyphal growth and branching of the grape pathogen Botrytis cinerea was determined on solid media containing either glucose, fructose, sucrose, tartaric acid or malic acid. The concentration of the carbon source had little effect on specific growth rate or the specific rate of tip formation, but growth was inhibited at high concentrations of tartaric and malic adds. Hyphal growth unit length and hyphal extension rate increased with increasing sugar concentration and were always significantly greater than values on tartaric or malic acids. The data provide an explanation for colonization patterns of grape berries. Growth will be poor during the period from setting to the onset of ripening, when organic acids are the main carbon source produced by the berry. Following the onset of ripening, the production of sugars provides more favourable carbon sources for the fungus, enabling achievement of higher specific growth rates, greater hyphal extension rates and, hence, greater colonizing potential.
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|Published - Feb 1997