Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common type of cancer in the world and the fifth highest cause of cancer-related deaths in men , with the highest prevalence in the United States and Western Europe. The current diagnostic gold standards are controversial and typically lead to over-diagnosis . Blood tests are commonly used to check the level of the prostate specific antigen (PSA), when in fact this antigen is organ-specific but not cancer-specific. Lack of clarity over diagnosis as well as prognosis leads to large numbers of unnecessary treatments, which are highly invasive and with a range of unpleasant side effects. New methods are therefore required to improve the existing clinical outcomes at both the diagnostic and the prognostic level.Here we present a hydrodynamic stretcher , with time-resolved capabilities, in which single cells are deformed hydrodynamically in a microfluidic device. We report a dynamic mechanical phenotyping analysis of conventional prostate cell lines: DU145, characterised by moderate metastatic potential  and PNT2, commonly used as healthy controls. We focus on their mechanical characterisation using a novel microfluidic hydrodynamic stretching device. Each cell is imaged using high-speed microscopy (300,000 frames per second) during its interaction with a pinching flow over successive frames. An ad hoc automatic tracking algorithm enables us to quantify and record the cellular Roundness  temporal profiles, that is a measure of how each cell changes its shape over time as a response to the applied stress. These profiles are then used as a biomarker to identify difference between the two samples. Finally, we classify the two cell lines based on their time-resolved Roundness using machine learning approaches.
|Name||Optics InfoBase Conference Papers|
|Volume||Part F81-EQEC 2017|
|Conference||European Quantum Electronics Conference, EQEC 2017|
|Period||25/06/17 → 29/06/17|
Published in: 2017 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe & European Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/Europe-EQEC)