Higher Education Policy in Scotland and England after Devolution

Michael James Keating

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


The twentieth century saw a convergence of the Scottish and English systems of higher education. Since devolution in 1999 there has been divergence. English policy is based on differentiation and competition, while Scotland has favoured integration and more egalitarianism. Scotland has not followed England in introducing up-front tuition fees or top-up fees. These differences are consistent with overall patterns of divergence in public service provision after devolution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-435
Number of pages13
JournalRegional and Federal Studies
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2005


  • devolution
  • higher education
  • policy community
  • policy style


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