Host immune responses during infections with Candida albicans

Mark H.T. Stappers, Gordon D. Brown*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

5 Citations (Scopus)


Candida species are commensals of the mucosal surfaces and the skin in the majority of healthy individuals. Under conditions in which the host defence is diminished, for example in patients who are immunocompromised or have endured major trauma or invasive clinical procedures, Candida species can initiate infections ranging from superficial mucosal to life-threatening invasive disease (Brown et al. Hidden killers: human fungal infections. Science translational medicine 4 (165):165rv113, 2012). In this chapter, we will explore the importance of the host's innate and adaptive immune defence against Candida albicans, the most abundant Candida species causing human infections. The majority of studies to date have focused on invasive C. albicans infections and considerably less is known about mucosal infections, such as oral and vulvovaginal candidiasis. We will discuss how C. albicans is recognized by pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) of the immune system and the role immune and non-immune cells play in the antifungal response to C. albicans. In addition, we will describe strategies developed by C. albicans to evade recognition and destruction by the host immune system.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCandida albicans
Subtitle of host publicationCellular and Molecular Biology: Second Edition
EditorsRajendra Prasad
PublisherSpringer International Publishing AG
Number of pages39
ISBN (Electronic)9783319504094
ISBN (Print)9783319504087
Publication statusPublished - 4 Feb 2017


  • Candida albicans
  • Candidiasis
  • Fungal immunology
  • Pattern recognition receptors


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