Hydrogen: where is low-carbon fuel most useful for decarbonisation?

Tom Baxter, Ernst Worrell, Hu Li, Petra E. de Jongh, Stephen Carr, Valeska Ting

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle


Is hydrogen the lifeblood of a low-carbon future, or an overhyped distraction from real solutions? One thing is certain – the coal, oil and natural gas which currently power much of daily life must be phased out within coming decades. From the cars we drive to the energy that heats our homes, these fossil fuels are deeply embedded in society and the global economy. But is the best solution in all cases to swap them with hydrogen – a fuel which only produces water vapour, and not CO₂, when burned?

Answering that question are six experts in engineering, physics and chemistry.
Original languageEnglish
Specialist publicationThe Conversation
PublisherThe Conversation UK
Publication statusPublished - 9 Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

Hu Li is a member of the Energy Institute and Energy Leeds, a research and education hub at the University of Leeds. He is also technical director of Liber Larus Ltd, a company which promotes technological exchange between the UK and China and provides consultation in the renewable energy sector. He has received funding from the Innovate UK, EPSRC, Royal Society, EU and industry.

Stephen Carr receives funding from ERDF, as part of the Reducing Industrial Carbon Emissions (RICE) project. He has previously received funding from the Innovate UK IDCF Roadmap and Deployment projects. He is a member of the Energy Institute.

Valeska Ting receives funding from EPSRC for research into hydrogen storage. She also sits on the EPSRC Energy Strategic Advisory Committee.

Ernst Worrell, Petra E. de Jongh, and Tom Baxter do not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and have disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.


  • Electricity
  • Aviation
  • Hydrogen
  • Energy storage
  • Hydrogen cars
  • Long read
  • Heating
  • Decarbonisation
  • Hydrogen economy
  • Heavy industry


Dive into the research topics of 'Hydrogen: where is low-carbon fuel most useful for decarbonisation?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this