Indications and surgical route for hysterectomy for benign disorders: a retrospective analysis in a large Australian tertiary hospital network

Chloe Higgins*, Rebecca Mcdonald, Ben Willem Mol

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Hysterectomy is a common but expensive and morbid procedure. Alternative treatments for heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) are effective in up to 80% of cases, but there is substantial variation in surgical approach and pre-operative management of HMB. This study aims to assess the approach to hysterectomies for benign indications including alternative treatments and route of operation. Methods: We retrospectively collected patient and surgical data on all hysterectomies for benign indications from 1/4/2018 to 31/6/2020 at our tertiary-led hospital network. Results: Hysterectomies were performed in 582 women at a median age of 49(44–56) with a median BMI of 27.9(24.5–33.3)kg/m2 and 251(43%) were referred from private rooms. Hysterectomies for HMB were performed laparoscopically (TLH)(156, 51.7%) more often than abdominally (TAH)(133, 44%) or vaginally (4.3, 13%), with wide variation between sites. Approach was predicted by a history of previous abdomino-pelvic surgery and uterine size but not by other patient factors (BMI, parity or comorbidities). Referral source, on the other hand, was a significant predictor of route of hysterectomy. In women with HMB without uterine abnormalities, 45% tried a levonorgestrel intrauterine device and 25% tried endometrial ablation before proceeding to surgery. The use of alternative therapies pre-operatively did not vary between sites or referral sources. Conclusions: The variations in route of hysterectomy that are unexplained by patient factors suggest room for improvement and raises the question whether some of the patients undergoing a TAH may have been candidates for less invasive surgery. Uptake of alternative management strategies for HMB could also be improved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2027-2033
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Early online date22 Aug 2022
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Prof Mol is supported by a NHMRC Investigator grant (GNT1176437), reports consultancy for ObsEva and has received research funding from Ferring and Merc. The other researchers have no conflicts of interest.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


  • Hysterectomy
  • Minimally invasive
  • Surgical route


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