Modeling collective motion: variations on the Vicsek model

H. Chate, F. Ginelli, G. Gregoire, F. Peruani, F. Raynaud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

276 Citations (Scopus)


We argue that the model introduced by Vicsek et al. in which self-propelled particles align locally with neighbors is, because of its simplicity, central to most studies of collective motion or "active" matter. After reviewing briefly its main properties, we show how it can be expanded into three main directions: changing the symmetry of the particles and/or of their interactions, adding local cohesion, and taking into account the fluid in which the particles move.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-456
Number of pages6
JournalThe European Physical Journal B - Condensed Matter and Complex Systems
Issue number3-4
Early online date11 Jul 2008
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2008


  • giant number fluctuations
  • formation flight
  • fish schools
  • suspensions
  • particles
  • flocks
  • waves
  • birds


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