Modelling the effect of beliefs about asthma medication and treatment intrusiveness on adherence and preference for once-daily vs. twice-daily medication

Sarah Chapman, Peter Dale, Henrik Svedsater, Gillian Stynes, Nicola Vyas, David Price, Rob Horne

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People with asthma who do not adhere to their maintenance medication may experience poorer asthma control and need more healthcare support than those who adhere. People (N = 1010) aged 18-55 years with self-reported asthma, taking one or more asthma maintenance medication(s), from five European countries, participated in a survey using validated scales (Medication Adherence Report Scale [MARS], Asthma Control Test™ [ACT], Beliefs about Medicine Questionnaire [BMQ] and the Asthma Treatment Intrusiveness Questionnaire [ATIQ]). We performed a post hoc evaluation of adherence to maintenance medication, asthma control, beliefs about medication, preferences for once-daily vs. twice-daily asthma maintenance medication and treatment intrusiveness, using structural equation modelling to investigate the relationships between these factors. Most participants reported potential problems with asthma control (ACT < 19: 76.8% [n = 776]), low adherence (median MARS = 3.40) and preferred once-daily medication (73.5% [n = 742/1010]). Non-adherence was associated with worse asthma control (r = 0.262 [P < 0.001]) and a expressed preference for once-daily medication over a "twice daily medication that works slightly better" (test statistic [T] = 2.970 [P = 0.003]). Participants reporting non-adherence/preferring once-daily medication had negative beliefs about their treatment (BMQ necessity-concerns differential: r = 0.437 [P < 0.001]/T = 6.886 [P < 0.001]) and found medication intrusive (ATIQ: r = -0.422 [P < 0.001]/T = 2.689[P = 0.007]). Structural equation modelling showed complex relationships between variables, including: (1) high concerns about treatment associated with increased perceived treatment intrusiveness and reduced adherence, which influenced asthma control; (2) high concerns about treatment and healthcare seeking behaviour, which were predictive of preferring twice-daily asthma medication. Concerns about medication and perceived treatment intrusiveness were predictive of poor adherence, and were associated with preference for once-daily asthma medication. Confirm the utility of the PAPA model and NCF in explaining nonadherence linked to poor asthma control.

Original languageEnglish
Article number61
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
Journalnpj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
Early online date14 Nov 2017
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017

Bibliographical note

We thank the study participants whose data were used in this analysis. Medical
writing support in the form of development of a draft outline and manuscript drafts in consultation with the authors, assembling tables and figures, collating author comments, copyediting, referencing and graphic services was provided by Jennifer Lawton, PhD, of Gardiner-Caldwell Communications, Macclesfield, UK, and was funded by GlaxoSmithKline. Study GHO-10-4705 is sponsored by GSK. These analyses were funded by GlaxoSmithKline (study GHO-10-4705) and supported by Spoonful of Sugar Ltd (A UCL Business spin out company). Sarah Chapman and Peter Dale were Employed by UCL School of Pharmacy at the time of involvement in this study. Gillian Stynes was employed by GSK at the time of involvement in this study. Previous presentations: These data were presented by S.C. in a poster at the European Respiratory Society 2016 Congress, and the abstract has been published: Chapman et al. Eur Respir J. 2016; 48 (Suppl 60): PA5018.


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