Modulation of dab (Limanda limanda, L.) macrophage respiratory burst activity

A. Tahir, C. J. Secombes*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Dab Limanda limanda kidney macrophages were isolated by adherance to tissue culture plates and their respiratory burst activity subsequently analysed. Several seeding cell concentrations were tested, with 107 and 2 × 107 cells ml-1 giving significant respiratory burst activity. Respiratory burst activity of the isolated macrophages was also investigated following a pre-incubation for 24h or 48h with a variety of concentrations of human recombinant tumor necrosis factor a (rTNFa), β-glucan, Concanavalin-A (Con-A) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS). All four stimulants were able to up-regulate dab macrophage respiratory burst activity at particular concentrations, especially after a 48 h incubation when 6·25 and 12·5 iu ml-1 rTNFa, 0·125, 0·25 and 0·5 μg ml-1 β-glucan, 1·25 and 2·5 μg ml-1 Con-A and 3·125, 6·25, 12·5, 25 and 50 μg ml-1 LPS induced significant increases. LPS and Con-A gave the largest relative increases in activity. However, the highest concentrations tested (50 and 100 iu ml-1 rTNFa, 2, 4 and 8 μg ml-1 β-glucan, 80 μg ml-1 Con-A and 200 μg ml-1 LPS) were inhibitory. The data are discussed in relation to the mode of action of each compound and the usefulness of such assays in pollution monitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-146
Number of pages12
JournalFish and Shellfish Immunology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1996


  • Concanavalin-A
  • Dab
  • Limanda limanda
  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • Macrophages
  • Respiratory burst
  • Tumour necrosis factor a
  • β-glucan


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