Negative Smad expression and regulation in the developing chick limb

Neil Vargesson, Ed Laufer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)


The inhibitory or negative Smads, Smad6 and Smad7, block TGFbeta superfamily signals of both the BMP and TGFbeta classes by antagonizing the intracellular signal transduction machinery. We report the cloning of one Smad6 and two Smad7 (Smad7a and Smad7b) chick homologs and their expression and regulation in the developing limb. Smad6 and Smad7a are expressed in dynamic patterns reflecting the domains of BMP gene expression in the limb. Activation and inhibition of the BMP signaling pathway in limb mesenchyme indicates that negative Smad gene expression is regulated, at least in part, by BMP family signals.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere5173
Number of pages8
JournalPloS ONE
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 8 Apr 2009


  • amino acid sequence
  • animals
  • bone morphogenetic proteins
  • chick embryo
  • cloning, molecular
  • extremities
  • gene expression regulation, developmental
  • molecular sequence data
  • phylogeny
  • Smad6 protein
  • Smad7 protein
  • development and embryology
  • molecular genetics
  • nucleic acids, purines and pyrimidines


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