Participatory technology development for agroforestry extension: An innovation-decision approach

Mark Reed

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review


In order to facilitate Participatory Technology Development (PTD) in African agriculture, extensionists and scientists must collaborate with local innovators to optimise (where necessary) and disseminate their innovations. This literature review proposes a conceptual model for PTD in which technology is developed in the context of an adoption cycle. Building on an innovation-decision approach, the characteristics of innovations that achieve widespread uptake are identified. The link between these characteristics and livelihood constraints and strategies, capital assets and the role of communication is emphasised. Although the agroforestry innovation-decision process occurs in the absence of external intervention, by understanding the characteristics of adoptable innovations in the context of adoption behaviour, it may be possible to identify new roles for extensionists and scientists. They may be able to facilitate PTD through the identification of innovators and their innovations, optimise and adapt innovations with reference to the proposed model, and disseminate innovations to other smallholders who may benefit from them.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-341
Number of pages8
JournalAfrican Journal of Agricultural Research
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2007


  • agroforestry
  • adoption
  • technology
  • public participation
  • Africa
  • innovation
  • cropping systems
  • adoption process
  • farmers
  • trees
  • implementation
  • determinants
  • Bangladesh
  • Malawi
  • maize
  • India


Dive into the research topics of 'Participatory technology development for agroforestry extension: An innovation-decision approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this