Post-traumatic growth and value-directed living after acquired brain injury

Monica Baseotto* (Corresponding Author), Paul G Morris, David C Gillespie, Ceri T Trevethan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Traumatic events can be associated with positive change, termed “post-traumatic growth.” Existing resesarch suggests some overlap between post-traumatic growth and value-directed living. This study sought to explore the relationship between post-traumatic growth and value-directed living after acquired brain injury. Self-report questionnaires including the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, Valued Living Questionnaire, Engaged Living Scale, Valuing Questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, World Health Organization Well-Being Index, Brief Resilience Scale, Trauma Screening Questionnaire and Glasgow Outcome Scale were posted to 317 individuals who had experienced a head injury, stroke or subarachnoid haemorrhage in the previous 3–13 years, with a hospital admission of minimum 7 days. Questionnaires were completed by 81 participants. Post-traumatic growth was significantly positively associated with two measures of value-directed living (VLQ, r = .269; VQ, r = .215). Higher levels of value-directed living were significantly associated with increased positive outcomes (wellbeing) and reduced negative outcomes (distress, post-traumatic stress symptoms). There was no significant association between post-traumatic growth and any of these outcomes. The association between post-traumatic growth and value-directed living indicates possible common underlying processes. Value-directed living appears to be a more useful concept, as it was associated with clinically relevant outcomes. It is recommended that value-directed living interventions are considered in brain injury rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-103
Number of pages20
JournalNeuropsychological Rehabilitation
Issue number1
Early online date27 Jul 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

This research was conducted in part fulfilment of the degree of Doctorate in Clinical Psychology at the University of Edinburgh, funded by NHS Education for Scotland. Clinical supervision was provided by the Department of Neuropsychology, NHS Grampian.

The authors are grateful to participants for their time and effort participating in this study and to the Brain Injury Grampian group for their feedback on pilot materials. Thank you to the NHS Grampian Neuropsychology department for supporting this project, and in particular Dr Fiona Summers and Dr Jackie Hamilton for their assistance with participant recruitment.


  • Acquired brain injury
  • Brain injury rehabilitation
  • Post-traumatic growth
  • Valued-directed living
  • Valued living
  • Value-directed living
  • LIFE


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