Recent developments on fractal-based approaches to nanofluids and nanoparticle aggregation

Jianchao Cai, Xiangyun Hu*, Boqi Xiao, Yingfang Zhou, Wei Wei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

147 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)


The properties of nanoparticles and its aggregation as well as convective heat transfer of nanofluids have received great attentions over the last few decades. It is well certified that nanoparticles and its aggregation can be successfully described by fractal theory and technology. In this review, the fractal properties of nanoparticle and its aggregation are firstly introduced, and then the recent investigations on the fractal models and fractal-based approaches that applied for effective thermal conductivity, convective heat transfer, critical heat flux and subcooled pool boiling of nanofluids, fractal clusters and yield stress property of nanoparticle aggregation are summarized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)623-637
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Early online date17 Oct 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017

Bibliographical note

This project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 41572116, 51576114, ​41630317), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan) (No. CUG160602) and the Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province of China (No. 2016J01254). The authors of the figures that used in presented review are also highly appreciated.


  • nanoparticle aggregation
  • fractal
  • nanofluids
  • thermal conductivity
  • convective heat transfer


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