Sediment transport in non-linear skewed oscillatory flows: the TRANSKEW experiments

Paulo Silva, Tiago Abreu, Dominic Alexander Van Der A, Francisco Sancho, B.G. Ruessink, Jebbe J. van der Werf, Jan S. Ribberink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)
7 Downloads (Pure)


New experiments under sheet flow conditions were recently carried out in an oscillating water tunnel to study the effects of flow acceleration on sand transport. The simulated hydrodynamic conditions considered flow patterns that drive cross-shore sediment transport in the nearshore zone: the wave nonlinearities associated with velocity and acceleration skewness and a negative mean current, the undertow. Net transport rates were evaluated from the sediment balance equation and show that (i) the acceleration skewness in an oscillatory flow produces a net sediment transport in the direction of the highest acceleration (onshore); (ii) the net transport in the presence of an opposing current is negative, against the direction of the highest acceleration, and reduces with an
increase in flow acceleration; and, (iii) velocity skewness increases the values of the net onshore transport rates. The measured transport rates have been used to evaluate the performance of different sediment transport models (four practical models and one 1DV process-based model) that take into account the wave nonlinearities. All models reproduce well the trends observed in the data; in the case of the combined wave-current flow the practical models are less accurate than the 1DV model.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-80
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Hydraulic Research
Issue numberS1
Publication statusPublished - 2011


Dive into the research topics of 'Sediment transport in non-linear skewed oscillatory flows: the TRANSKEW experiments'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this