Self-regulation strategies support children with ADHD to overcome symptom-related behavior in the classroom

Lena Guderjahn, Andreas Gold, Gertraud Stadler, Caterina Gawrilow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) suffer from self-regulation deficits that cause inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Self-regulation interventions may address these deficits, but to date, only few empirical studies have examined their benefits for children with ADHD in everyday life. The present study investigated three classroom interventions to promote self-regulation and tested their benefit on self-regulatory competencies (assessed with an ADHD questionnaire) in children with ADHD. Students of a special education school for children with ADHD participated in the intervention study that included three sessions (Session 1: Goal Intention or Goal Intention + If-Then Plan; Session 2: Goal Intention + If-Then Plan; Session 3: Goal Intention + If-Then Plan + Self-Monitoring). Teacher-rated self-regulatory competencies were assessed both before and after the intervention sessions. Children with ADHD had better self-regulatory competencies after their first Goal Intention + If-Then Plan Session, but lasting intervention effects were found only when children started with a mere goal intention session.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-407
Number of pages11
JournalADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
Issue number4
Early online date24 Sept 2013
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

Bibliographical note

This research was funded by Robert Bosch Foundation, Stuttgart, Germany, and by the Center for Research on Individual Development and Adaptive Education of Children at Risk, Frankfurt, Germany.

Electronic supplementary material
The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s12402-013-0117-7) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.


  • Children with ADHD
  • Implementation intentions
  • School intervention
  • Self-regulation


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