Service multinational enterprises and linkages development in Pakistan

Zaheer Khan*, Jeong Yang Park, Pervaiz Akhtar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The development of various types of linkages is key to understanding the impact of multinational enterprises (MNEs) on the economic development of host markets. Using a qualitative research approach, we investigate the linkages created by IT MNEs in Pakistan. The findings suggest that these MNEs have created management, technological, diversification, and financial linkages, among others. Their creation is contingent and co-determined by the MNEs' investment motives, their mandates, and embeddedness in the host market as well as the local technical capability. We highlight the contributions and implications of these linkages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)473-487
Number of pages15
JournalCanadian Journal of Administrative Sciences
Issue number3
Early online date23 Oct 2017
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2018


  • FDI
  • IT industry
  • linkages
  • Pakistan
  • Service MNEs


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