Setting characteristics and mechanical behaviour of a calcium phosphate bone cement containing tetracycline

A. Ratier, Iain Ronald Gibson, S. M. Best, M. Freche, J. L. Lacout, F. Rodriguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)


Calcium phosphate cements are used for bone defect filling and they may also be used as delivery systems for active agents. The physicochemical behaviour of an ionic cement, with a final composition of hydroxyapatite, containing tetracycline hydrochloride was investigated. Chemical characterisation, X-ray diffraction analysis, compressive strength and tensile strength were performed. It is known that the antibiotic can be adsorbed on calcium phosphate compounds and the presence of chloride ions can strongly influence the behaviour of the cement. Adding more than 1% (w/w) of 95% pure tetracycline hydrochloride in the solid phase led to a cement with poor mechanical properties, but which, in addition to hydroxyapatite, contained residual starting reagents. For this reason, experiments were also performed with tetracycline previously treated with a calcium sulphate solution. Using a treated tetracycline, it was possible to introduce at least 7% (w/w) of active ingredient whilst still allowing the reaction to proceed to completion i.e. the formation of hydroxyapatite with good mechanical properties. Therefore, treating the tetracycline HCl with calcium sulphate solution prior to reaction conserved the activity of the antibiotic, limited the influence of the antibiotic on the cement evolution and retained the physical properties of the cement. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)897-901
Number of pages4
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • calcium phosphate
  • bone cement
  • tetracycline
  • mechanical properties


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