Recent in vivo electrophysiological studies in our laboratory demonstrated medial thalamus (MT) induced short-term facilitation in the middle layers of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). The aim of the present study was to investigate different forms of short-term plasticity (STP) in layer II/III of the ACC in an in vitro slice preparation. Extracellular field potentials in layer II/III consisting of an early component (fAP) and a late component (fPSP) were activated by electrical stimulation of the deep layers. The fPSP and intracellularly recorded excitatory post-synaptic potential (EPSP) could be facilitated by paired-pulse stimulation at a low frequency (0.033 Hz, pulse interval 20–400 ms). An initial facilitation and subsequent depression were obtained when high frequency (12.5, 25 and 50 Hz) tetanus stimulations were applied to the ACC slice. A post-tetanic augmentation 30 s in duration was also observed. The effects of tetanic stimulation were altered in the presence of an increased or a decreased calcium concentration. Application of ω-conotoxin GVIA (CTX) in normal calcium concentration conditions decreased overall responses during tetanic stimulation similar to reducing calcium exposure. However CTX application did not increase paired-pulse facilitation (PPF) as is seen under low calcium conditions. These results indicate that calcium is involved in the formation of certain features of STP in layer II/III of the ACC and that N-type calcium channels contribute to some, but not all, components of these plastic changes. Two-site electrical stimulation testing showed that two separate presynaptic inputs can produce short-term facilitation. Our findings implicate a post-synaptic mechanism in STP in layer II/III of the ACC.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Brain Research Bulletin|
|Publication status||Published - 9 Jan 2007|
- anterior cingulate cortex
- Paired-pulse facilitation
- short-term plasticity
- ω-Conotoxin GVIA