Six o' Clock in Princes Street: An analysis of Wilfred Owen's Edinburgh 're-education'

Neil McLennan* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
27 Downloads (Pure)


The First World War poet, 2nd Lieutenant Wilfred Owen, is remembered for his powerful testimony of war via his anti-war poetry. However, there has been limited focused investigation of Owen’s four months in Edinburgh between 26 June 1917 and 3/4 November 1917 and the impact of that period. Owen was in Edinburgh convalescing from ‘shell-shock’ at Craiglockhart War Hospital; his doctor called it ‘re-education’.1 Fresh research and analysis has been able to confirm the Scottish inspiration of a number of aspects of Owen’s poetry: from Owen’s first visit to Scotland, holidaying in 1912, and his four-month stay in Edinburgh in the latter half of 1917. During late 1917 Owen was able to craft some of the most poignant war poetry of the century, if not all time. That writing was made possible by the Edinburgh environment and important meetings in the social circles he benefited from in the city. It was facilitated by innovative ‘work’ cures, or ergotherapy, being implemented at Craiglockhart by Edinburgh-based physician Dr Arthur John Brock. Brock had been inspired in his medical thinking by Professor Sir Patrick Geddes. Geddes would evolve sociologist Le Play’s Lieu, Travail et Famille heuristic method and propose three themes as determinants of society: Place, Work and Folk. Geddes’ sociological survey model provides useful lenses for a more in-depth consideration of the socio-cultural impact of Edinburgh and its people on Owen and his writing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333-351
Number of pages19
JournalProceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
Issue number2018
Early online date1 Nov 2019
Publication statusPublished - 29 Nov 2019

Bibliographical note

Sincere and grateful thanks must go to all education, arts, veterans’ charities and civic organisations that helped support me in 2017 when we planned and
delivered 18 public engagement events marking Owen’s time in Edinburgh. Most of all, I would like to thank all the individuals who supported me as chairman of that committee. They know who they are. Owen’s last letter home finished poignantly ‘Of this I am certain you could not be visited by a band of friends half so fine as surround me here’. ‘Wilfred Owen’s Edinburgh 1917–2017’ Committee formed a unique and long lasting ‘band of friends’. Full details of this collaboration and its outputs can be found at:
(Accessed 29 April 2019.)


  • Wilfred Owen
  • War Poetry
  • First World War
  • Edinburgh
  • Craiglockhart
  • Education
  • Patrick Geddes
  • Arthur Brock


Dive into the research topics of 'Six o' Clock in Princes Street: An analysis of Wilfred Owen's Edinburgh 're-education''. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this