Studies using 27A1 MAS NMR of AFm and AFt phases and the formation of Friedel’s salt

M. Jones, Donald E MacPhee, J. A. Chudek, G. Hunter, R. Lannegrand, R. Talero, S. N. Scrimgeour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes the application of the magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR spectroscopy to study the chemical environment of Al-27-bearing phases in Portland cement-based concrete. A specific methodology is described that allows reliable spectra to be determined for combinations of different types of cements and fillers (in this case, Portland cement, fly ash, slag, silica fume, metakaolin and limestone filler). As well as the study of 'molecular structure' of cement matrix, the paper reviews the mechanism of Friedel's salt formation in cement systems. Mechanisms based on ion exchange of chloride for hydroxide in hydroxy-AF(m) and on chloride absorption on formation are discussed. Finally, the nature of the chloride/hydrate binding phenomena are described to provide a reasonable robust and fundamental picture of the role different cements can play in the provision of overall concrete durability, to chloride ingress from a chemical perspective. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-182
Number of pages5
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2003


  • MAS NMR spectroscopy
  • Portland cement
  • chloride
  • monosulphate
  • Friedel's salt formation
  • solids


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