Sustainable Design of Urban Rooftop Food-Energy-Land Nexus

Rui Jing, Astley Hastings, Miao Guo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)


Urban rooftop functional design offers a promising option to enable multi-function urban land-use to deliver multiple ecosystem services, e.g., food production by rooftop agriculture and energy supply by installing photovoltaic (PV) panels. To identify the best rooftop utilization strategy considering multiple decision criteria and understand the impact of rooftop solution on the design of urban energy systems, we propose a whole system modeling framework that integrates biogeochemical simulation and multi-objective energy system optimization. We apply the framework to evaluate three rooftop agriculture options, namely, basic rooftop farming, unconditioned greenhouse, and conditioned greenhouse, and one rooftop energy supply option, i.e., PV panels, for an urban energy eco-design case in Shanghai, China. Enabling rooftop agriculture options brings more flexibility to the design and operation of energy systems. PV panels provide cost-optimal solutions, whereas conditioned greenhouse potentially delivers environmentally sustainable land-use by contributing to climate regulation ecosystem services.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101743
Number of pages34
Issue number11
Early online date27 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Authors in particular M.G. would like to acknowledge the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council ( EPSRC ) for providing financial support for research under project “Resilient and Sustainable Bio-renewable Systems Engineering Model” [ EP/N034740/1 ]. A.H. would like to acknowledge financial support from Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) ADVENT project [ 1806209 ].


  • Economics
  • Environmental Assessment
  • Environmental Science
  • Environmental Technology


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