Territorial justice. A review of theory and evidence

George Boyne*, Martin Powell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)


This paper evaluates the theory and evidence on territorial justice. The problems of defining and measuring service needs and service provision are outlined, and the statistical criteria for territorial justice are analysed. The empirical evidence on the spatial relationship between needs and provision is critically reviewed for four services in the U.K.: health care, education, housing and the personal social services. Several shortcomings in the evidence suggest that the extent of territorial justice has been underestimated. In particular, the empirical studies have not recognized that the statistical condition for territorial justice depends on the dimensions of needs and provision which are compared.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-281
Number of pages19
JournalPolitical Geography Quarterly
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1991


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