The control of chaos: theory and applications

S Boccaletti, C Grebogi, Y C Lai, H Mancini, D Maza, Ying-Cheng Lai

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817 Citations (Scopus)


Control of chaos refers to a process wherein a tiny perturbation is applied to a chaotic system, in order to realize a desirable (chaotic, periodic, or stationary) behavior. We review the major ideas involved in the control of chaos, and present in detail two methods: the Ott-Grebogi-Yorke (OGY) method and the adaptive method. We also discuss a series of relevant issues connected with chaos control, such as the targeting problem, i.e., how to bring a trajectory to a small neighborhood of a desired location in the chaotic attractor in both low and high dimensions, and point out applications for controlling fractal basin boundaries. In short, we describe procedures for stabilizing desired chaotic orbits embedded in a chaotic attractor and discuss the issues of communicating with chaos by controlling symbolic sequences and of synchronizing chaotic systems. Finally, we give a review of relevant experimental applications of these ideas and techniques. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-197
Number of pages95
JournalPhysics Reports
Issue number3
Early online date31 Mar 2000
Publication statusPublished - May 2000

Bibliographical note

The authors are grateful to F.T. Arecchi, E. Barreto, G. Basti, E. Bollt, A. Farini, R. Genesio, A. Giaquinta, S. Hayes, E. Kostelich, A.L. Perrone, F. Romeiras and T. Tél for many fruitful discussions. SB acknowledges financial support from the EEC Contract no. ERBFMBICT983466. CG was supported by DOE and by a joint Brasil-USA grant (CNPq/NSF-INT). YCL was supported by AFOSR under Grant No. F49620-98-1-0400 and by NSF under Grant No. PHY-9722156. HM and DM acknowledge financial support from Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia (Grant N. PB95-0578) and Universidad de Navarra, Spain (PIUNA).


  • unstable periodic-orbits
  • fractal basin boundaries
  • resonant parametric perturbations
  • time-delay autosynchronization
  • Belousov-Zhabotinsky Reaction
  • crisis-induced intermittency
  • high-dimensional chaos
  • dynamical-systems
  • strange attractors
  • adaptive recognition


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