The role of antimullerian hormone in prediction of outcome after IVF: comparison with the antral follicle count

Simone L. Broer, Ben Willem J. Mol, Dave Hendriks, Frank J.M. Broekmans*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

405 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To assess the value of antimullerian hormone (AMH) as a test to predict poor ovarian response and pregnancy occurrence after IVF and to compare it with the performance of the antral follicle count (AFC). Design: A systematic review of existing literature and a meta-analysis were carried out. After a comprehensive search, studies were included if 2 × 2 tables for outcomes poor response and pregnancy in IVF patients in relation to AMH or AFC could be constructed. Setting: Academic referral center for tertiary care. Patient(s): Cases indicated for IVF. Intervention(s): None. Main Outcome Measure(s): Poor response and nonpregnancy after IVF. Result(s): A total of 13 studies were found reporting on AMH and 17 on AFC. Because of heterogeneity among studies, calculation of a summary point estimate for sensitivity and specificity was not possible. However, for both tests summary receiver operating characteristic curves for the outcome measures poor response and nonpregnancy could be estimated and compared. The curves for the prediction of poor response indicated no significant difference between the performances of AMH and AFC. For the prediction of nonpregnancy, poor performance for both AMH and AFC was found. Conclusion(s): In this meta-analysis it was shown that AMH has at least the same level of accuracy and clinical value for the prediction of poor response and nonpregnancy as AFC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)705-714
Number of pages10
JournalFertility and Sterility
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2009


  • Antimullerian hormone
  • antral follicle count
  • IVF
  • meta-analysis
  • poor response
  • pregnancy


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