Towards a Monitoring Framework for Agent-Based Contract Systems

Noura Faci, Sanjay Modgil, Nir Oren, Felipe Meneguzzi, Simon Miles, Michael Luck

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPublished conference contribution

12 Citations (Scopus)


The behaviours of autonomous agents may deviate from those deemed to be for the good of the societal systems of which they are a part. Norms have therefore been proposed as a means to regulate agent behaviours in open and dynamic systems, and may be encoded in electronic contracts in order to specify the obliged, permitted and prohibited behaviours of agents that are signatories to such contracts. Enactment and management of electronic contracts thus enables the use of regulatory mechanisms to ensure that agent behaviours comply with the encoded norms. To facilitate such mechanisms requires monitoring in order to detect and explain violation of norms. In this paper we propose a framework for monitoring that is to be implemented and integrated into a suite of contract enactment and management tools. The framework adopts a non-intrusive approach to monitoring, whereby the states of a contract with respect to its contained norms can be inferred on the basis of messages exchanged. Specifically, the framework deploys agents that observe messages sent between contract signatories, where these messages correspond to agent behaviours and therefore indicate whether norms are, or are in danger of, being violated.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCooperative Information Agents XII. CIA 2008
EditorsM Klusch, M Pěchouček, A Polleres
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science

Bibliographical note

Proceedings of the 12th International Workshop on Cooperative Information Agents, Prague, Czech Republic, September 10-12, 2008


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