This paper presents a semi-analytical model to simulate transient pressure curves for vertical well with reconstructed fracture network in fractured tight oil reservoirs. In the proposed model, the reservoir is a composite system and contains two regions. The inner region is described as formation with finite conductivity hydraulic fracture network and the flow in the fracture is assumed to be linear; while the outer region is modeled using the classical Warren-Root model and where radial flow is applied. The transient pressure curves of a vertical well in the proposed reservoir model are calculated semi-analytically using Laplace transform and Stehfest numerical inversion. As shown in the type curves, the flow is divided into several regimes: (a) linear flow in artificial main fractures; (b) coupled boundary flow; (c) early linear flow in fractured formation; (d) mid radial flow in the semi-fractures of the formation; (e) mid radial flow or pseudo steady flow; (f) mid cross-flow (g) closed boundary flow. Based on our newly proposed model, the effects of some sensitive parameters, such as elastic storativity ratio, cross-flow coefficient, fracture conductivity and skin factor on the type curves were also analyzed extensively. The simulated type curves shows that for vertical fractured well in tight reservoir the elastic storativity ratios and crossflow coefficients affect the time and degree of crossflow respectively. The pressure loss increases with the increase of fracture conductivity. To a certain extent, the effect of fracture conductivity is more obvious than that of the half length of the fracture on improving production effect. With the increase of wellbore storage coefficient, fluid compressibility is so big that might cover the early stage characteristic of fracturing. Linear or bilinear flow may not be able to see, the pressure and pressure derivative gradually shifted to the right. With the increase of skin effect, the pressure loss increases gradually.
Bibliographical noteThis research was supported by the Ministry of Land and Resources Special
Geological Survey: Upper Paleozoic Marine Shale Gas Geological Survey in Yunnan,
Guizhou, Guangxi Region (DD20160178), The Key Laboratory of Unconventional
Petroleum Geology of Geological Survey of China Open Fund and the Major National
R&D Projects: Study on the Test Method for Shale Structure and Composition at
Different Scales with project number: 2016ZX05034-003-006.
- well test analysis
- fractured tight oil reservoir
- fracture network reconstruction
- composite system