We argue that many major features in electronic transport in realistic quantum dots are not explainable by the usual semiclassical approach, due to the contributions of the quantum-mechanical tunneling of the electrons through the Kolmogorov-Arnol'd-Moser islands. We show that dynamical tunneling gives rise to a set of resonances characterized by two quantum numbers, which leads to conductance oscillations and concentration of wave functions near stable and unstable periodic orbits. Experimental results agree very well with our theoretical predictions, indicating that tunneling has to be taken into account to understand the physics of transport in generic nanostructures.
- periodic conductance fluctuations
- irregular scattering
- ballistic cavities
- stable orbits