Social Implications of the Introduction of a Large Scale Industry into a Sparsely Populated Area, 1970 and 1973.

  • M. P. Carter (Creator)
  • M. Gaskin (Creator)
  • A. Varwell (Creator)
  • John Bone (Data Manager)



The purpose of this study was to compile a census-style enumeration of the Invergordon area before and after the establishment of an aluminium smelter, to plot changes in total population, age and sex structure, occupation and migration.

Main Topics:
Attitudinal/Behavioural Questions
The survey was conducted in two waves, in 1970 and in 1973.
1. Questions asked in 1970 (SN 170/175)Number of persons in household who possessed experience of: formal education beyond the age of 15, HM forces, Merchant Navy, HM dockyards. Number of persons in household who hold a driving licence (ordinary and special), who speak Gaelic.
2. Questions asked in 1973 for an in-migrant supplement (SN 170)Attitude to move into Easter Ross, features of the district liked/disliked, reasons for taking job in Easter Ross, previous visits to Easter Ross, place of residence of relatives.
Background Variables
Questions asked in both the 1970 and the 1973 surveys (SN 170/175)Age, sex, place of birth, household status, occupation, place of work, previous employment, Registrar General''s social class (information gathered for ALL members of the household). Children living outside Invergordon area: age, marital status, origin of spouse, occupation, date left district.
Associated Publications:
Payne, G. (1975) 'Occupational mobility in the Scottish context', [presentation], SSRC International Mobility Seminar, 01 January 1975-01 January 1975, Aberdeen.
• Payne, G. (1975) 'Education and mobility in Scotland', [presentation], SSRC International Mobility Seminar, 01 January 1975-01 January 1975, Aberdeen.
• Payne, G. (1976) 'Changes in occupational mobility in Scotland', Scottish Journal of Sociology, 457
• Payne, G. (1977) 'Occupational transition in advanced industrial societies', Socialist Review, 5
• Payne, G. (1977) 'Social mobility and the upper echelons', [presentation], British Sociological Association conference, 01 March 1977-01 March 1977.
• Payne, G. (1977) 'Occupational mobility and educational process in Scotland', [presentation], ISA Conference-, Dublin.
• Payne, G. (1977) 'A re-appraisal of social mobility in Britain', Sociology, 289
• Payne, G. (1977) 'Social mobility in Scotland and England', [presentation], Polish Sociological Association Conference, 01 June 1977-01 June 1977, Warsaw.
• Payne, G. (1977) 'Understanding occupational transition', Socialist Review
• Payne, G. (1977) 'The lieutenant class', New Society, 118
• Payne, G. (1977) 'Religion, class and educational policy', Scottish Educational Bulletin, 57
• Payne, G. (1977) 'Deprivation and occupational opportunity' .
Date made available1 Jan 1976
PublisherUK Data Service
Temporal coverageMay 1974 - Sept 1975
Date of data production1970 - 1973
Geographical coverageScotland, Highlands, Ross and Cromarty

Funder and Grant Reference number

  • Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)
  • Other
  • Highlands and Islands Development Board
  • British Aluminium Company

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