By the horrific standards of the First World War, the ten-month Gallipoli campaign of 1915-16 was not especially bloody. At about 130,000 the combined tally of fatalities on both sides was well short of, for example, the estimated 475,000 deaths suffered in total during the notorious Battle of Passchendaele, which lasted under four months in 1917. But the Gallipoli campaign has acquired a special aura of tragedy on the Allied side. It was unquestionably a comprehensive defeat, with absolutely no territory gained, and so perhaps we should not be surprised that the campaign has become an enduring symbol of futile carnage.
Bibliographical noteAnthony John Heywood receives funding from the Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland; Royal Society of Edinburgh; British Academy Exchange with the Russian Academy of Sciences; University of Aberdeen.
- World War 1
- Anzac day