A Finite-Element Hardness Model for Analyzing 316L Stainless Steel/Ceramic Nanocomposites

T. El-Sayed*, M. Imbaby, K. Jiang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A new finite-element approach to calculating the hardness of nanocomposite materials based on a 316L stainless steel matrix and nanoceramic inclusions is presented. Two different ceramic inclusions, alumina and titania, are considered. The finite-element model is created on the basis of the spherical Brinell hardness contact model. A quarter of the 3D finite-element is used to model the contact between a spherical tungsten carbide indenter and nanocomposite materials. The effect of the elastic modulus and percentage of the ceramic inclusions on the hardness of the nanocomposites considered is investigated. The finite-element model is verified by comparing its results with experimental data. The comparison showed a good agreement for low-concentration compositions and a slight deviation for highly concentrated ones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-42
Number of pages10
JournalMechanics of Composite Materials
Early online date31 Dec 2014
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • 316L stainless steel
  • ceramics
  • finite element
  • microfabrication
  • nanocomposites


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