A high-performance solid-state synthesized LiVOPO4 for lithium-ion batteries

Yong Shi, Hui Zhou, Sylvia Britto, Ieuan D. Seymour, Kamila M. Wiaderek, Fredrick Omenya, Natasha A. Chernova, Karena W. Chapman, Clare P. Grey, M. Stanley Whittingham* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ε-LiVOPO4, a multi-electron cathode material for Li-ion batteries, suffers from structural disorder upon nanosizing by high-energy ball-milling, which impedes kinetics and promotes undesirable interfacial side reactions. This work presents a feasible way to decrease the disorder in the ball-milled composite of ε-LiVOPO4/C by post-annealing at 450 °C in an Ar atmosphere, with no reduction reaction caused by carbon and no particle growth. The post-annealed material shows recovered voltage plateaus, enhanced kinetics of Li diffusivity, and suppressed interfacial reactions. As a result, a high-performance solid-state synthesized ε-LiVOPO4 can be obtained, delivering a capacity of 270 mAh g−1 at C/5 with less than 4% degradation upon 100 cycles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106491
Number of pages6
JournalElectrochemistry Communications
Volume105
Early online date2 Jul 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was funded by U.S. Department of Energy , Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) program under BMR award no. DE-EE0006852 . The structural characterization using NMR and PDF techniques was supported by the NorthEast Center for Chemical Energy Storage (NECCES), an Energy Frontier Research Center supported by the U.S. Department of Energy , Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under award no. DE-SC0012583 . This research used resources of the Advanced Photon Source, a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science User Facility operated for the DOE Office of Science by Argonne National Laboratory under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. We thank Dr. Fengxia Xin for help with TG-MS data acquisition, and Drs. Jatinkumar Rana and Jia Ding, for many helpful discussions.

Funding Information:
This research was funded by U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) program under BMR award no. DE-EE0006852. The structural characterization using NMR and PDF techniques was supported by the NorthEast Center for Chemical Energy Storage (NECCES), an Energy Frontier Research Center supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under award no. DE-SC0012583. This research used resources of the Advanced Photon Source, a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science User Facility operated for the DOE Office of Science by Argonne National Laboratory under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. We thank Dr. Fengxia Xin for help with TG-MS data acquisition, and Drs. Jatinkumar Rana and Jia Ding, for many helpful discussions.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Authors

Keywords

  • Annealing
  • Cathode
  • Li-ion battery
  • Structural disorder

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