The structure of porous media is complex yet fundamental to the understanding of transport processes including single and multi-phase fluid flow. Pore network modelling is a valuable tool for studying these processes in many diverse porous media. This paper presents a new method of discretizing the pore space into connected pore elements which capture the pore geometry and topology. This method discards the diﬀerence between pore bodies and throats, instead treats them equally as pore elements which captures the features of pore structure from the widest to the narrowest part of the pore space (pore body to pore throat), honours the topology and does not over-segment the pore space. The method is a higher level discretization of the pore space compared to other traditional methods which construct pore throats explicitly. Pore networks were extracted from three test images using the method and the computed flow properties are compared with finite element simulation in terms of absolute permeability. A reasonable agreement with finite element simulation is achieved, demonstrating the value and functionality of the new pore structure quantification method.
Bibliographical noteC.W. thanks China Scholarship Council’s ﬁnancial support for his Ph.D. study. The authors thank Anasuria Operating Company Limited (AOC) for making available the core plug samples. We thank the two reviewers for their insight comments and constructive suggestions toward improving our manuscript. Finally, we thank John Still (University of Aberdeen Centre for Electron Microscopy, Analysis and Characterisation (ACEMAC)) for invaluable assistance in the acquisition of SEM images.